A shock absorber, also known as a damper, is a mechanical device that is used to dampen or absorb the kinetic energy of a moving vehicle. It is an important component of the suspension system, and its primary function is to control the movement of the vehicle's wheels and keep them in contact with the ground.
Shock absorbers are typically mounted between the frame of the vehicle and the wheels, and they consist of a piston and a cylinder filled with a fluid, such as oil or gas. When the vehicle encounters a bump or other irregularity in the road surface, the shock absorber helps to absorb the shock and dampen the movement of the wheels. This helps to reduce the amount of vibration and oscillation that is transmitted through the vehicle's suspension and into the cabin, providing a more comfortable ride for the occupants.
A strut is a suspension component that is used in many vehicles, including cars, trucks, and SUVs. It is a structural member that provides support for the suspension and helps to locate the wheels and tires in relation to the vehicle's body. Struts are typically mounted at the front of the vehicle, and they are a key component of the MacPherson strut suspension system. This type of suspension system is widely used in front-wheel drive vehicles because it is compact, lightweight, and easy to manufacture.
A strut consists of a shock absorber and a spring coil that are housed within a single unit. The spring coil provides support and helps to absorb the shock of the vehicle's movement, while the shock absorber helps to dampen the movement of the spring and reduce vibration. The strut is mounted to the vehicle's frame at one end and to the steering knuckle at the other end, and it helps to transfer the load of the vehicle to the wheels and tires.
Shock absorbers and struts work by converting the kinetic energy of the moving vehicle into heat, which is then dissipated through the fluid or gas inside the shock absorber. Shock absorbers are an essential component of the suspension system, as they help to maintain stability and control, improve ride comfort, and extend the lifespan of the tires by reducing wear and tear. Automotive shock & Strut service by Spring Works in Santa Rosa, California. Get it done right by shock & strut experts.